Joint Army-Navy-Air Force Publication (JANAP) 146 is the name for a Joint Chiefs of Staff directive, entitled Communications Instructions for Reporting Vital Intelligence Sightings (CIRVIS). Established in December 1953, CIRVIS details the procedures to be followed in the filing of reports from pilots and crews of military aircraft and surface vessels regarding information of vital importance to the security of the United States. Paragraph 201 of JANAP-146 included unidentified flying objects under information to be reported. Such reports require immediate transmission to the Aerospace Defence Command, the Secretary of Defense and the nearest military command. The directive applies also to civilian pilots who report UFOs through official channels.

Paragraph 201 of JAPNAP-146 prohibits the unauthorized transmission or revelation of the contents of CIRVIS reports. Violation of this restriction is a crime punishable under the laws of the Espionage Act. Since these restrictions apply to all persons aware of the contents or existence of a CIRVIS report, military pilots, as well as commercial airline pilots who have filed CIRVIS reports, are subject to long jail sentences and/or heavy fines if they discuss their UFO sightings publicly.